With fewer than 23,000 deaths separating heart disease and cancer deaths, cancer is poised to become the leading of death in the Unites States, and over 100 forms of cancer have been identified according to the Centers for Disease Control. Although many cancers are fatal, some are associated with higher mortality rates than others.
Lung cancer is to blame for more deaths than any other form of cancer. It is estimated that around 160,000 people succumb to lung and bronchial-related cancers every year in the United States. While lung cancer has the highest mortality rate and is the deadliest type of cancer, it is also the most preventable. Most cases of lung cancer are the result of certain lifestyle choices, particularly smoking cigarettes. Quitting smoking is the most effective way to minimize your risk of lung cancer. New data from the National Lung Cancer Screening Trial indicate that screening for select patients translates into extended survival.
52,857 Americans died from colorectal cancer in 2008. Most colorectal cancer cases begin with groupings of small, benign cells called polyps, and over time these polyps become cancerous. Screening is the only effective way to check for cancer of the colon and rectum, but many people tend to feel slightly embarrassed and ashamed about having these screening tests conducted, and choose to avoid having them done. As a result, many people who develop colorectal cancer learn that their cancer could have been diagnosed earlier, had they not avoided being screened.
Breast cancer is the second most common cancer found in women, but contrary to what many believe, it is not exclusive to women and it can affect both sexes. It is the single most deadly cancer among women, with roughly 35% of the cases in the United States resulting in fatality. Breast cancer is another form of cancer where early detection can mean the difference between life and death. Women of all ages should conduct monthly examinations of their own breasts to check for any lumps or abnormalities, and women over 40 should visit their doctor annually for a mammogram examination.
The pancreas is an essential part of the digestive system, and it aids in digestion and regulating metabolism. Cancer of the pancreas is often deadly, because it is extremely difficult to detect in its early stages. Pancreatic cancer does not always produce symptoms and it is a rapidly progressive cancer. Roughly 40,000 people die from pancreatic cancer every year.
Only the males can develop prostate cancer, and it is the second leading cause of cancer deaths among men. This type of cancer forms in the prostate, the gland that produces seminal fluid. In 2013 it is estimated that 238,590 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer, and 29,720 will die from the disease. The American Cancer Society estimates that 1 out of 6 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in his lifetime.